things to do in the winter
Montana is for fishing…in all four seasons. Our fish are biting year-round. And if you’re serious about it, you know that Montana is at the top of the list of dream destinations to cast a fly or drop a line. Ice fishing can be a true test of skill and a whole lot of fun. So carve a hole, sink a lure, kick back, relax and reel in your winter.
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Safety is an important consideration when ice fishing. Two things to remember: ice conditions can change almost as quickly as weather conditions and a cold day is even colder without any cover.
When ice fishing in Montana, plan ahead:
To fish Montana's waters, you must have a valid fishing license. For more information on rules and regulations, visit Montana Fish, Wildlife & Parks fishing regulations.
Two rods and/or lines may be used to fish through ice on all lakes, reservoirs or ponds in the western and central districts of Montana.
The maximum size hole that may be cut for ice fishing is 144 square inches. There is no limit on the size of hole used for fishing with a spear or gig.
Special regulations apply to ice fishing shelters on Brown's Lake near Ovando. Each shelter must be marked with the owner's name, address and/or phone number, painted or permanently affixed to the shelter in legible letters not less than 2 inches in height, of contrasting color to the background and plainly visible at a distance of 100 feet.
Each shelter of closed type construction shall have a door readily opened from the outside for inspection by an office when the shelter is occupied. The door shall not be latched from the inside. Daily removal of the shelter is required.
Much of conventional fishing wisdom applies for ice fishing. The best times to fish are early morning and late afternoon…prime feeding times. Overcast days are often better than sunny days. And, noise will naturally scare away fish from even the most perfect hole. A key difference is that fish are more lethargic in the winter. Their metabolisms have slowed and they are generally more finicky about taking bait, adding to the challenge.
Glacier Country has a number of lakes that are popular ice fishing spots. Flathead Lake is the largest natural freshwater lake in the western United States. Although the lake usually doesn't freeze completely due to its size, most bays freeze enough for excellent ice fishing. Whitefish and lake trout are the most caught, although yellow perch and cutthroat trout are also present.
Whitefish Lake also offers excellent ice fishing beginning in late December. Additional ice fishing locations in Glacier Country include Smith Lake (near Kila) and Bitterroot Lake (near Kalispell). Numerous lakes dot the Seeley Swan Valley and most feature excellent ice fishing. Salmon Lake, Holland Lake and Placid Lake are filled with bull trout, cutthroat trout, kokanee salmon and northern pike.
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